Real Spellers

English Makes Sense!

Kit 2

Kit 2 Theme A

Topics Covered in TBox2 Kit 2 Theme A

Preparing for this Theme

  • <igh>
  • vowel glide phoneme /aɪ/
  • nonstandard spellings in the family of <eight>
  • The terms ‘long’ and ‘short’
  • ‘Long’ and ‘short’ in reference to pronunciation
  • Phonetic ‘length’
  • Phonetically ‘long’ English vowels
  • Orthographically ‘long’ vowels
  • The one-letter vowel graphemes
    • Orthographic phonology
    • History and use of the macron
  • ‘Long’ vowels can be represented by other than single-letter graphemes
  • The terms digraph and trigraph
  • Graphemic awareness: the orthographic dimension of phonology
  • Types of phonological grapheme
  • Revisit using < igh > for the phoneme / aɪ /
  • Graphemes for the ‘long A’ phoneme / eɪ /

The Main Theme

  • Spellings with < igh > preceded by a vowel letter
  • An evidence bank of words in which < igh > is preceded by a vowel letter
  • The base < straight >
  • The etymology of < straight >
    • <straight matrix>
  • The homophones < straight > and < strait >
  • Spelling in dire straits
  • The base < weigh >
  • Homophones of < weigh >
  • Unexpected spellings in the < eight > family
  • Identifying what is non-standard
    • Digression: the evolution of < eighteen > in English
  • The spelling of < height >
  • The spelling of < neighbo(u)r

Addendum

  • Phonetics and Phonology

Related Resources

  • Toolbox Kit 1 Theme E (1E) <igh>
  • Spelling Manual Chapter P
  • Kit 6 Theme G (6G) fossil’ compounds

Kit 2 Theme B

Topics Covered in TBox2 Kit 2 Theme B

Preparing for this Theme

  • Talking about ‘vowels’
    • Vowel letters
    • Vowel graphemes
    • Vowel phones and phonemes
  • The term ‘base element’
    • The orthographic morpheme
  • The orthographic term ‘final’
  • The consonant cluster phoneme / tʃ /
    • Talking about ‘sounds’ in spellings is hopelessly imprecise.
    • The unreliable ambiguity of the ‘Phonemic Awareness” output
    • Learning from the pronunciations of < eat > and < each >
    • The orthographic phonology of the phoneme / t ʃ /

The Main Theme

  • Selecting < ck > or < k > in final position
  • Selecting < tch > or < ch > in final position
  • Spellings with final < ch > rather than an expected < tch>
    • The ‘clipped’ word < much >
    • The ‘fossil’ compounds < such > and < which >
    • The power of < rich >
    • A flow chart to include the unexpected spellings
    • The bound base element < tach >

Addendum

Related Resources

  • The phonology of < c >
    • There are basic resources for introducing the phonology of < c > in Kit K
      Theme D .
  • The phonology of / k /
    • The phoneme / k / can be represented by < c >, < k >, < ck > and < ch >. Go to
      Kit 3 Theme B for a full account.